3D painting is a term. A term for quasi-three-dimensional metamorphic painting. We explained this in detail in the history of a 3D painting. These paintings are not three-dimensional. Rather, they look three-dimensional because of their special design. It should be noted that these paintings can only be seen from one angle in a voluminous and three-dimensional form. The best 3D output image is from the camera lens. It can be a mobile camera or a camera. In this case, you can see exactly the image that the artist is trying to show.
The art of 3D printing is a collection of different abilities. These capabilities are in the field of implementing the desired idea or design in the perspective space. Or more simply, the ability to implement the metamorphic design on different levels.
The principle of the 3d painting technique includes the ability to implement the metamorphic design on surfaces. Using this technique, different designs can be transferred to the surfaces metamorphosed. But in this technique, the ability to paint and draw in a perspective space helps to have an ideal painting. But that does not disappoint those who want to enter the field. Because using the 3D painting techniques mentioned below, you can implement your ideas in 3D. 3D printing is a very attractive and interesting way to convey content to the audience.
anamorphic design implementation techniques
There are different techniques for performing 3D painting. Due to their experience in painting, each artist uses his method to perform three-dimensional painting. Through our research, we found that the techniques of performing this type of work in different artists are limited to 3 or 4 fixed techniques. Each artist implements his method in his works.
Of course, not everything is a technique to implement the plan. Design skills, design ideas, and coloring are very important. All 3D painting techniques eventually turn into a metamorphic image that follows geometric rules. As a result, the output of all techniques is the same. What makes the work stand out is the artist’s idea of the performance, the artistic style, and the precise execution of the transformational design technique on the surface.
From our research, we found that most artists use the eye and stencil method. Using the camera aperture, they constantly check that they have followed the original design. Or they use a template. That is the first design of the design in a modified form on a small scale and then executes it on the ground. The surface they work on is smooth in 90% of cases. Either on the wall or the floor. Very few artists can perform 3D painting on multiple surfaces.
In total, the techniques for implementing 3D painting can be divided into 5 methods.
1. Eye method
In the ocular method, the artist constantly observes his painting from the point of view. If he does not have enough tools to do this, he will do it himself by going to the angle of view. To investigate, he must be constantly on the move from sight to painting. Using a camera and monitor makes this method very simple. With the help of the camera and monitor, he can see the page he is painting anywhere. This helps him to create the three-dimensional state he wants in his work. This method is much simpler and more convenient in small drawings. 3D paintings on canvas or paper can be easily implemented with this method. To learn this method, there is a video training course on Mr. Khataei Did’s website. This training course is free and you can learn the eye method in small dimensions.
2. The method of shading objects or radiation
In this technique, the artist first designs his design in the correct state. That is the image that wants to be seen in the end. It then maps its design to the desired surface. In simpler terms, it puts the image on the desired surface. Then, using the shadow, they transfer the design to their desired surface. Of course, more modern tools such as video projectors make it easier to project the image on the desktop. It should be noted that 3d painting is a collection of different ideas and execution techniques.
3. Geometric method
The geometric method is relatively accurate. In this way, the artist can start the design without a template or project image. Of course, he must constantly check the result of the design. In the geometric method, the main shapes, lines, and angles can be implemented more. Artists use this technique more in the beginning. That is, they implement the main lines and basic shapes on the surface. Then they design the details using their eye method and experience. The geometric technique, however, has special rules. But most artists in this field learn this technique based on their experience. That is, after trial and error in the eye or stencil method, they find out what the convergence of the lines in the painting is like.
4. Patterning method or template
The patterning method uses small photographs, such as portrait paintings. In this method, the artist first takes a photo of the desired surface, from the angle he wants. Then he starts painting the design at the same angle. Prepares his design using the obtained patterns on the checkerboard.
For example, if the desired surface is the earth, he squares the surface of the earth using squares of one meter. It then transfers the design to the surface using squares.
For example, the artist is painting a part of a bear’s face. He sees that the bear’s eye is horizontal in the third square and vertical in the fourth. Notices what part of the square it occupies. With this method, the design can be transferred to the checkered surface. This can be done even without graphic software. Of course, graphics software with the ability to draw or zoom in helps make these steps easier.
5. Algorithmic method
In this way, the artist can implement the desired dimensions and dimensions with the highest accuracy on a variety of surfaces. This is the most accurate way you can apply the metamorphic design technique to a quasi-3D space. From drawing simple volumes such as cubes and cylinders to complex volumes.
In this Method, each space point is converted to a point on a two-dimensional plane. This method was first introduced in 2014 by Saleh Sokhandan. This technique is a set of mathematical formulas that are a function of the point of view and location of the drawing pages. In these formulas, any point in three-dimensional space becomes a coordinate in a two-dimensional plane. For example, during this method, designs can be easily implemented to the desired exact dimensions. For example, you can draw exactly one cubic meter. So that if we put a box one meter in the same place, there will be no different from the viewer’s point of view.
How does a painting become 3d?
Now in 3D painting the opposite is true. We see a distorted and normal image from a normal angle. But from the specific angle defined for it, we see the effect of a true three-dimensional image. Based on this, which is the main goal of 3D painting, we must draw a design that can be seen correctly at certain angles. The more unusual the angle or point of view, the more interesting the painting looks. We explained about the unusual point of view in the genesis section of this art.
As we have said, not everything from this particular angle of view and design techniques has changed. 3D painting is a combination of two important points.
First – draw a picture that can be seen correctly from a certain angle. It means accurately implementing transformational design techniques on the surface
Second – the painting has a three-dimensional relationship with the environment and the page on which it is painted. That is, if we are painting on a canvas, our design and painting must be three-dimensionally related to the space of the canvas.
For example, consider that you want to paint a wooden box. The first point is to consider the angle of view before anything else. Then we have to design the box in the right position. That is, the angle and perspective that if a box was really there, it would look like that. Now, if this plan is implemented with transformational techniques, it will have a good result. A wooden box that fits the ground and is believable..
What should we do to learn 3D drawing?
We have mentioned several times that 3D painting is a collection of techniques and arts. From normal design to coloring. Finally, one of the methods or techniques of implementing 3D painting is to help implement the design on the surface.
So in order to be able to draw a good 3D painting, you must first strengthen your design. You need to master the basics of drawing and painting. You need to be able to put what you have in mind on paper and draw. From figure design to facade and perspective design. All of these abilities help you draw better.
Of course, all this is for when you want to draw a wonderful painting. Because the method and technique of 3D printing can be useful for everyone. From a product designer to a teacher. Anyone who wants to present their ideas in a more attractive way can use this art.
After all, you need to practice visualization to start learning 3D painting. That means you have to be able to do whatever you want. Every object you see around you. Be able to visualize it in your imagination. You need to be able to easily rotate in your mind and see it from all angles. You have to practice to see better. Understand the rules of body physics. How a vase is placed on the table. When you look at it from different angles, what makes it natural? Following the exercises, 3D art techniques will be your tools. A tool to implement what you have in mind on the screen. It means learning the execution techniques that we explained in the previous section.
The simplest way to perform 3D art is the eye technique or method. This is a great way to get started. Learning this method is very convenient and efficient. The training of this method is in the form of a video on Mr. Khataei Did’s website. This video course is free. You will quickly become familiar with the generalities of this technique. You can even draw good pictures with this tutorial. This is a good place to start learning 3D painting. You can refer to the training courses or training products section of the website to learn other topics and advanced training.
Applied skills in 3D painting
As mentioned earlier, not everything is a technique. You have to fully understand the atmosphere of 3D art. You have to have skills. These skills include drawing in perspective space, shading, painting, and so on. To do this, it is recommended to refer to the relevant schools and professors and get help from them. With these skills, you can put your designs and ideas on paper.
The main way to help you draw a transformational design is to design in a perspective and three-dimensional space. This means that you can draw 3D volumes and shapes on the page in 2D. After these steps, you can execute a remarkable and extraordinary effect by learning any of the transformational design methods.
What is 3D digital painting?
As we said in the previous description, the quasi-three-dimensional metamorphic painting is performed in two ways. Digital method and the manual method.
1- Manual method which is famous and common. The artist performs the whole painting using chalk pastels or paints on the desired surface.
2- The digital method in which the artist paints and prints himself digitally. Then it sticks to a specific surface in the desired location.
3D digital drawings are usually printed on durable labels and pasted in place. These paintings have more capabilities in terms of quality and durability than hand paintings. Because there is enough time for the designer to perform these works. In addition, it is possible to correct possible mistakes as opposed to hand painting.
3D poster or 3D sticker or digital painting ?!
First of all, let’s have a general definition of a 3D painting. A painting that has a certain angle of view. That is, it does not have a three-dimensional state from another angle. And it can only be seen from the same angle. You can call such a work 3D painting. He wants this effect to be on the ground. Or on the wall or even on several surfaces.
Of course, in the previous sections, we talked about the common names of this art. During the text, it was decided that we would use the same title because of the term 3D printing. There is also space for 3D digital painting. However, due to its much shorter lifespan, it is not yet a common title.
Some call these works 3D stickers. Titles such as 3D posters are also used for it. But the word poster is a bit meaningless for a work mounted on the ground. Perhaps the term 3D printing can also be used for these works. Of course, this title is similar to a 3D printer. Our best suggestion for these works is digital 3D painting.
The difference between 3D digital painting and 3D hand painting
As mentioned, 3D digital drawing on a computer is designed digitally. This is the main difference between digital and manual 3D painting techniques. However, hand-drawn 3D drawings on different surfaces may also be digitally designed. That is, in both printing and painting, the design is first designed digitally. This makes the output of the work checkable. But the important difference between the two techniques is in how they are used.
Digital 3D painting can be printed and installed quickly. That means ease of operation. Implemented in higher circulation and lower cost. That is less expensive reproduction than painting. More quality and details can be created in it. This is an important reason to use 3D stickers in product and publicity ads.
In 3D printing, a lot of time is spent painting on the spot. The painter can communicate with the audience while painting. This is one of the interesting features of a 3D painting. This allows the audience to be present while painting. Ask questions and talk. It is therefore suitable for festivals and promotional and cultural events.
What is the advantage of a 3D sticker or poster over hand painting?
As mentioned, 3D digital drawing on a computer is designed digitally. This is the main difference between digital and manual 3D painting techniques. However, hand-drawn 3D drawings on different surfaces may also be digitally designed. That is, in both printing and painting, the design is first designed digitally. This makes the output of the work checkable. But the important difference between the two techniques is in how they are used. This was explained in the previous section. But the differences between 3D printing and painting execution mode can be expressed in the following cases. These differences do not mean that one method is superior to the other. It means a difference in their function. In short, using 3D printing is a more commercial and economical method than painting.
Ability to duplicate or reprint
This allows us to execute the effect more than once. Of course, this is also possible in 3D hand painting. But this means that the artist must re-perform the work. This equates to a higher cost. However, in digital 3D painting, it is possible to reprint due to the existence of the work file. Another advantage of digital files is printing on different materials. Printing technology is advancing every day. It brings new capabilities. We can print on more surfaces. That is, instead of printing it, display it on the desired surface. This feature is the background or basis of Projection Mapping works.
The economic cost of 3D digital painting
In hand-painting, the artist must spend a lot of time performing the designer in the desired location. This time is equal to the high cost of placing the artist on-site and performing the painting on the desired surface. In the digital version, when you have to spend time painting in the environment, it replaces the installation of posters and stickers in that place. So the designer spends his time in his office designing the digital effect. Also, the possibility of reprinting work is very affordable. Because the cost of performing it is much more economical than when it is necessary to complete the painting.
Also, the ability to send a print or even print in the desired area is a great possibility. This feature allows you to use the 3D effect in the most remote countries and regions. The artist does the design in his office. Or you can even send a print file to print the desired location.
Of course, some painters use a method that can move the work. They exert their effect on a surface such as canvas fabric. In this way, they can display their work in new neighborhoods.
3D digital painting artists
3D artists were two-dimensional painters before they entered the genre. a The idea and style of these artists are very evident in their works. This issue has led to the creation of very attractive and special works among prominent artists. You can follow the artists in this field in the section introducing 3D painters.
As we said, these artists worked in the field of two-dimensional painting. Because of this, few of these artists can perform paintings digitally. Perhaps this digital method has no artistic value. Therefore, they do not enter this field.
Some artists in this field collaborate with a colleague or design studio. Like Tracy Lee Stum, who has designed some of his work digitally. On the other hand, digital designers have shown less interest in digital design. It is rare for digital designers to enter the digital art design space. Finally, there are very few artists who specialize in 3D digital painting.